Special Collections of the ODU Libraries

Joseph D. Wood Papers, 1920-1951 | Special Collections and University Archives

By James F. Walsh

Collection Overview

Title: Joseph D. Wood Papers, 1920-1951

ID: 00/MG 3

Primary Creator: Wood, Joseph Downing (1867-1959)

Extent: 7.51 Linear Feet. More info below.

Arrangement: The papers, dating from 1920 to 1951, are divided into five sub-groups: personal, public service (non-political), business, mayoral files, and City of Norfolk data. Where possible Captain Wood's own filing system was followed.

Date Acquired: 03/01/1976

Subjects: Businessmen--Virginia--Norfolk, City council members--Virginia--Norfolk, Mayors--Virginia--Norfolk, Norfolk (Va.)--History--20th century, Norfolk (Va.)--Politics and government--20th century, Virginia--Politics and Goverment--1865-1950, Wood, Joseph Downing, 1867-1959

Languages: English

Abstract

President of the Wood Towing Company (Tugboats). Served on the Norfolk City Council (1926-1930, 1934-1944) and as Mayor (1940-1944) during World War II. Collection contains business papers, mayoral files, correspondence and the papers of his service on the Elizabeth River Tunnel Commission.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Captain Wood was president of Wood Towing Corporation (Tugboats), a member of the Norfolk City Council (1926-1930, 1934-1944), and mayor of Norfolk (1940-1944). He also served on a number of public boards, most notably the Elizabeth River Tunnel Commission. His papers, dating from 1920 to 1951, are divided into five sub-groups: personal, public service (non-political), business, mayoral files, and City of Norfolk data. The personal papers contain some family genealogy, correspondence, his autobiography, and a variety of financial records. The public service papers deal mainly with his service on the Elizabeth River Tunnel Commission. The business papers consist of correspondence, tug repair estimates and labor relations files. The bulk of the mayoral files are correspondence, while the City of Norfolk material focuses on financial data and is not duplicated by material found at Norfolk City Hall. Where possible Captain Wood's own filing system was followed.

Collection Historical Note

Joseph Downing Wood was born on February 22, 1867, on a farm in Washington Co., North Carolina. He was the first of nine children born to Samuel and Pattie Downing Wood. He left the family farm in 1886 to seek his fortune in Norfolk, Virginia. Here he found work as an apprentice seaman, largely on coastal ships. By the age of 21, he was a licensed seaman and at 23, a master seaman on a tugboat. By 1900 Wood had risen to the position of Yard Pilot for the Norfolk Navy Yard in Portsmouth. During World I he was commissioned as a Lt. Commander in the Navy Reserve and served as director of tugs and all floating equipment in the Fifth Naval District.

After the war Wood founded his towing company, beginning with one tug and one barge, neither of which was paid for. By the time he sold his Wood Towing Corporation for $1,500,000 in 1951, the company controlled a whole fleet of tugs. Wood had sold his business rather than agree to the demands of his employees for unionization.

Wood was almost 60 when he first entered the political arena and was elected to the Norfolk City Council in 1926. He was reelected to the council in 1934, 1938, and 1942. He became ex-officio mayor of Norfolk when he was elected president of the council in September, 1940. Wood served as mayor, until his retirement from politics in 1944, during an extremely busy period for a defense oriented city like Norfolk. Economy was Wood's watchword as a politician. Being a staunch conservative, he firmly believed in the "pay as you go" philosophy, which dominated Virginia politics during the period in which he was active.

Joseph Downing Wood married Ada Estelle Burnell on June 2, 1896. They had one child, Margaret (Mrs. Burton DeBerry Melchor). Wood died on April 16, 1959.

Subject/Index Terms

Businessmen--Virginia--Norfolk
City council members--Virginia--Norfolk
Mayors--Virginia--Norfolk
Norfolk (Va.)--History--20th century
Norfolk (Va.)--Politics and government--20th century
Virginia--Politics and Goverment--1865-1950
Wood, Joseph Downing, 1867-1959

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections and University Archives

Alternate Extent Statement: 18 Hollinger document cases

Access Restrictions: Open to researchers without restrictions.

Use Restrictions: Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from Special Collections and University Archives, and the holder of the copyright, if not Old Dominion University Libraries.

Acquisition Source: Burton deBerry Melchor III, in honor of his mother Margaret Wood, daughter of Captain Wood

Acquisition Method: Gift. Accession #A76-9

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], Box [insert number], Folder [insert number and title], Joseph D. Wood Papers, Special Collections and University Archives, Patricia W. and J. Douglas Perry Library, Old Dominion University Libraries, Norfolk, VA 23529.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series I: Personal Papers],
[Series II: Public Service],
[Series III: Business Papers],
[Series IV: Mayoral Files],
[Series V: City of Norfolk Material],
[Series VI: Political],
[All]

Series I: Personal Papers
Sub-Series A: Financial Papers
Box 1
Folder 1: Annual Reports: Westinghouse Annual Reports: West Penn Electric Annual Reports: American Waterworks & Electric Co., 1931, 1946, 1946
Folder 2: Autobiography: Sowing and Reaping, 1951
Folder 3: Brokers' Statements and Receipts-Livingston and Co.; Post and Flagg, 1933
Folder 4: Brokers' Receipts-Post and Flagg, 1936
Folder 5: Brokers' Statements and Receipts-Post and Flagg; Dyer, Hudson & Co., 1937
Folder 6: Brokers' Statements and Receipts-Thomson & McKennon; Dyer, Hudson & Co.; Post & Flagg, 1938
Folder 7: Brokers' Statements and Receipts-Thomson & McKennon, 1939
Folder 8: Brokers' Statements and Receipts-Thomson & McKennon; Abbott, Proctor & Paine, 1940
Folder 9: Brokers' Statements and Receipts-Thomson & McKennon; Abbott, Proctor & Paine, 1941
Box 2
Folder 1: Brokers' Statements and Receipts-Abbott, Proctor & Paine, 1942, 1944, 1945, 1947-49
Folder 2: Brokers' Statements and Receipts-Abbott, Proctor & Paine, 1950
Folder 3: Cancelled Checks
Folder 4: Cancelled Checks
Folder 5: Cancelled Checks
Folder 6: Cancelled Checks
Folder 7: Cancelled Checks
Box 3
Folder 1: Cancelled Checks, 1946
Folder 2: Cancelled Checks, 1947
Folder 3: Cancelled Checks, 1948
Folder 4: Cancelled Checks, 1949
Folder 5: Cancelled Checks, 1950-1951
Sub-Series B: Correspondence, 1935-1950
Box 4
Folder 1: Correspondence, November 1935-December 1939
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1941-1944
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1945-1946
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1947
Folder 5: Correspondence, February-December 1948
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1949
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1950
Folder 8: Birthday Cards, 1950
Sub-Series C: Family
Box 5
Folder 1: Family Geneology
Folder 2: Federal Tax Records, 1920-1929
Folder 3: Federal Tax Records, 1931-1935
Folder 4: Federal Tax Records, 1936-1939
Folder 5: Federal Tax Records, 1940-1941
Folder 6: Masonic Lodge Material: Correspondence; 1924 Directory; Membership Certificate (1925), 1924, 1925
Folder 7: Miscellaneous Personal Papers
Sub-Series D: Norfolk-Proposed Federal Taxation of State Bonds
Box 6
Folder 1: Norfolk City Tax Returns, 1937-1940
Folder 2: Norfolk Auto License, 1929, 1931, 1934-1935, 1937-1940, 1942, 1944, 1950
Folder 3: Norfolk City Real Estate Tax Receipts, 1928-1935, 1938-1940
Folder 4: Norfolk City and Virginia State Personal Property and Poll Tax Receipts, 1927-1934, 1938, 1940-1946, 1950
Folder 5: Personal Receipts, 1923, 1931, 1936, 1937
Folder 6: Personal Receipts, 1938
Folder 7: Personal Receipts, 1939
Folder 8: Personal Receipts, 1940
Folder 9: Personal Receipts, 1941
Folder 10: Personal Receipts, 1942
Folder 11: Personal Receipts, 1943-1944
Folder 12: Personal Receipts, 1945-1946
Folder 13: Personal Receipts, 1947-1951
Folder 14: Photograph: Memorial to War Dead of Norfolk County, 1929
Folder 15: Photograph: J.D. Wood on Right
Folder 16: Princess Anne County Real Estate Tax Receipts, 1928-1930
Folder 17: Proposed Federal Taxation of State and Municipal Bonds-Speech by Solicitor General Henry Epstein, 1939
Sub-Series E: Taxation-Virginia
Box 7
Folder 1: Taxation Publications
Folder 2: Tecumseh Beach Property Condemnation, 1941-1947
Folder 3: Virginia State Income Tax Records, 1922-1929
Folder 4: Virginia State Income Tax Records, 1930, 1932-1943, 1945, 1946, 1950
Series II: Public Service
Box 8
Folder 1: American Christian Palestine Committee, 1946-1949
Folder 2: Berkley Bridge Purchase Correspondence, 1932-1933
Folder 3: Bill Creating the Elizabeth River Tunnel District
Folder 4: Bills Before Delaware General Assembly in re. Delaware
Folder 5: Bonney Home for Girls Correspondence, 1949-1950
Folder 6: Bridge/Tunnel Newspaper Clippings, 1941-1942, 1944
Folder 7: Brooklyn Battery Crossing Report, 1939
Folder 8: Child Welfare League, 1946
Folder 9: Elizabeth River Tunnel: Correspondence, 1926-1933
Folder 10: Elizabeth River Tunnel: Correspondence, September-December, 1941
Folder 11: Elizabeth River Tunnel: Correspondence, 1942
Folder 12: Elizabeth River Tunnel: Correspondence, 1943
Folder 13: Elizabeth River Tunnel: Correspondence, 1944
Folder 14: Elizabeth River Tunnel: Correspondence, 1945
Folder 15: Elizabeth River Tunnel: Correspondence, 1946-1949
Folder 16: Elizabeth River Tunnel: Correspondence, 1950
Box 9
Folder 1: Elizabeth River Tunnel Revenue Bond Act, 1942
Folder 2: Elizabeth River Tunnel Traffic Survey and Estimated Revenues, 1947
Folder 3: Elizabeth River Tunnel-Engineers Report (Abbott, Merkt &Co.), 1941
Folder 4: Elizabeth River Tunnel:Engineers Reports on Various Highway Projects
Folder 5: Elizabeth River Tunnel: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Hearing, 1945
Folder 6: Elizabeth River Tunnel: Engineers Reports on Various Tunnels, 1940
Folder 7: Elizabeth River Tunnel: Mobile, Ala. Tunnel Clippings, 1940-1941
Folder 8: Elizabeth River Tunnel: New York City Narrows Tunnel Report, 1945
Folder 9: Elizabeth River Tunnel: Sketches of Bridge Tunnel Complex and Bridge
Folder 10: Elizabeth River Tunnel Commission: Engineers' Report, 1947
Folder 11: Elizabeth River Tunnel Revenue Bond Act, May 1950, July 1950
Folder 12: Florence Crittenden Home, 1944-1950
Folder 13: Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, 1931-1935
Folder 14: Temporary Wartime Resources Committee, 1941
Folder 15: Travelers Aid, 1941-1943
Folder 16: United Seaman's Service Inc., 1943
Series III: Business Papers
Box 10
Folder 1: Army Base Surroundings, 1943
Folder 2: Blocking Measurments on Wood Towing Co. Equipment
Folder 3: Business Publications and Memoranda
Folder 4: Coast Guard Distress Regulations and Area Map, 1933
Folder 5: Copper Recovery Corporation (War Production Board), 1942-1943
Folder 6: Correspondence, General, 1923-1946
Folder 7: Correspondence, Shipyard Wage Rates, January 1944
Folder 8: Crandell Dry Dock Engineers, 1941
Folder 9: Fairbanks, Morse & Co. Proposal, 1941
Folder 10: Hampton Roads Maritime Exchange, 1933-1935
Folder 11: Harbor at Assateague, 1922-1924
Folder 12: Opinions, Laws, Legal Briefs re: Towing Rules, Boats, Labor, 1927, 1932, 1946
Folder 13: Repair Estimate: M.S. Brilliant, 1931
Box 11
Folder 1: Speeches (Business Related)
Folder 2: Standard Transportation Co. vs. Wood Towing Corp: Briefs Filed in U.S. District Court of Appeals, 1933
Folder 3: Steamboat Inspection Laws: Correspondence; Rules Book, 1922-1925
Folder 4: Steel Tug Specifications (85 Foot), 1943
Folder 5: "Women's Contributions in the Field of Invention"-U.S. Dept. of Labor, 1923
Series IV: Mayoral Files
Sub-Series A: Correspondence
Box 12
Folder 1: Collection of Scrap Aluminum, June-July 1941
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1940
Folder 3: Correspondence, January-March, 1941
Folder 4: Correspondence, April, 1941
Folder 5: Correspondence, May, 1941
Folder 6: Correspondence, June, 1941
Folder 7: Correspondence, July, 1941
Folder 8: Correspondence, August-September, 1941
Folder 9: Correspondence, October, 1941
Folder 10: Correspondence, November, 1941
Box 13
Folder 1: Correspondence, December, 1941
Folder 2: Correspondence, January, 1942
Folder 3: Correspondence, February, 1942
Folder 4: Correspondence, March, 1942
Folder 5: Correspondence, April, 1942
Folder 6: Correspondence, May, 1942
Folder 7: Correspondence, June, 1942
Folder 8: Correspondence, July, 1942
Folder 9: Correspondence, August, 1942
Folder 10: Correspondence, September, 1942
Box 14
Folder 1: Correspondence, October, 1942
Folder 2: Correspondence, November, 1942
Folder 3: Correspondence, December, 1942
Folder 4: Correspondence, January, 1943
Folder 5: Correspondence, February-March, 1943
Folder 6: Correspondence, April, 1943
Folder 7: Correspondence, May-June, 1943
Folder 8: Correspondence, July, 1943
Folder 9: Correspondence, August, 1943
Box 15
Folder 1: Correspondence, September, 1943
Folder 2: Correspondence, October, 1943
Folder 3: Correspondence, November-December, 1943
Folder 4: Correspondence, January, 1944
Folder 5: Correspondence, February-March, 1944
Folder 6: Correspondence, April-May, 1944
Folder 7: Correspondence, June-July, 1944
Box 16
Folder 1: Correspondence, August, 1944
Folder 2: Correspondence, September-October, 1944
Folder 3: Forms to Use in Calling Out Virginia Protective Force, 1941
Folder 4: Mayors of Norfolk from 1736 to 1918 and 1918 to 1940
Series V: City of Norfolk Material
Box 17
Folder 1: City Goverment Organization Chart, 1926
Folder 2: Consolidation Efforts of Area-Wide Cities
Folder 3: Correspondence re. City Charter, 1930-1933; Copy of Charter, 1930-1933
Folder 4: Financial Data re. City, 1934-1935, 1937-1939
Folder 5: Hampton Roads Sanitation District Report, 1936
Folder 6: Industrial Commission: Report on Fresh Water, 1926
Folder 7: Maps of Norfolk & Portsmouth Belt Line R.R., 1927
Folder 8: Memoranda re. City of Norfolk, 1944
Folder 9: Norfolk city Building Zone Map with Ordinance, 1924
Folder 10: Norfolk City Finances, Reports: Fiscal Year, 1917
Folder 11: Norfolk City Finances, Reports: Fiscal Years 1921, 1922, 1921, 1922
Folder 12: Norfolk City Budget Estimates: Fiscal Year, 1924
Folder 13: Norfolk City Budget Appropriations: Fiscal Year, 1924
Folder 14: Norfolk City Budget Estimates: Fiscal Year, 1925
Folder 15: Norfolk City Finances, Reports: Fiscal Year, 1925
Box 18
Folder 1: Norfolk City Budget Appropriations: Fiscal Year, 1926
Folder 2: Norfolk City Finances, Reports: Fiscal Year, 1926
Folder 3: Norfolk City Finances, Reports: Fiscal Year, 1928
Folder 4: Norfolk City Budget Estimates: Fiscal Year, 1929
Folder 5: Norfolk City Budget Estimates: Fiscal Year, 1930
Folder 6: Norfolk City Budget: Fiscal Year, 1931
Folder 7: Norfolk City Budget: Fiscal Year, 1933
Folder 8: Norfolk City Budget Estimates: Fiscal Year, 1934
Oversize Folder 1: Map: The Ports of Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Newport News on Hampton Roads, Virginia, U.S.A., 1932 May
Produced by the State Port Authority of Virginia.
Series VI: Political
Box 19
Folder 1: Campaign Expenses, 1924
Folder 2: Campaign Materials, 1924
Folder 3: Campaigns - Precinct Returns, 1924
Folder 4: Clippings - Mainly 1924 Council Elections, 1924
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1924, 1926, 1934
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1945-1950
Folder 7: Councilman Election, 1926
Folder 8: Councilman Election, 1940
Folder 9: Councilman Election, 1942
Folder 10: Councilman Election, 1944
Folder 11: New Deal, 1943
Folder 12: List of Precincts / Precinct Leaders, undated
Folder 13: Publications, 1925, 1934
Folder 14: Recall Action, 1928
Folder 15: League of Virginia Municipalities Certificate, undated
Folder 16: Speeches (Folder #1), undated
Folder 17: Speeches (Folder #2), undated

Browse by Series:

[Series I: Personal Papers],
[Series II: Public Service],
[Series III: Business Papers],
[Series IV: Mayoral Files],
[Series V: City of Norfolk Material],
[Series VI: Political],
[All]

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