Special Collections of the ODU Libraries

James Washington Singleton Papers, 1770-1975, undated | Special Collections and University Archives

By Jodi L. Bennett

Collection Overview

Title: James Washington Singleton Papers, 1770-1975, undated

Predominant Dates:1850-1920

ID: 00/MG 10

Primary Creator: Singleton, James Washington (1811-1892)

Extent: 20.8 Linear Feet. More info below.

Arrangement: The collection is organized into eleven series: Series I: Correspondence; Series II: Legal and Government Documents; Series III: Financial and Bookkeeping RecordsSeries IV: Business Papers; Series V: Miscellaneous Material; Series VI: Speeches; Series VII: Miscellany; Series VIII: Memorabilia; Series IX: Newspaper clippings; Series X: Publications; and Series XI: Photographs.

Date Acquired: 01/14/1977

Subjects: Copperhead movement, Politicians--Illinois, Singleton, James Washington, 1811-1892, Singleton family, United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865, United States. Congress. House

Languages: English, German

Abstract

Prominent Peace Democrat from Illinois during the Civil War. Served in the United States House of Representatives (1879-1883). Contains family papers spanning five generations, dating from 1770 to 1975. Includes correspondence, business papers, military papers, newspaper clippings, and photographs.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The collection consists of family papers spanning the lifetime of five generations of Singleton descendants. The collection includes papers of James Singleton, the father of James W. Singleton; James W. Singleton; Lily Singleton Thomas Osburn, the daughter of James W. Singleton; the Thomas children, the grandchildren of James W. Singleton; and Judith Ball Wysong Cofer, the great-granddaughter of James W. Singleton. The bulk of the collection concerns the lives of James Singleton, James W. Singleton and Lily Singleton Thomas Osburn.

Collection Historical Note

Biography: James W. Singleton, 1811-1892

James Washington Singleton was born on November 23, 1811 at "Paxton" in Frederick County, Virginia, the estate of his father, General James Singleton. General Singleton (1762-1815) was a Captain in the Virginia troops in 1785. He rose to the rank of Major in 1804 and commanded the Second Battalion 10th, 16th and 18th Brigades of the Virginia Militia. He commanded the 16th Brigade in the War of 1812. He served as a Justice in Frederick County from 1795-1813 and as a member of the House of Delegates during 1806 and 1807. He married Judith Throckmorton Ball in 1797 and they had seven children: James Washington, Ann, Mary, Frances, Judith, Lucy and Elizabeth. Mrs. Singleton had ancestral ties with George Washington's mother, Mary Ball of "Epping Forest", Virginia.

After attending the academy in Winchester, Virginia, James Washington Singleton moved to Kentucky in 1828. He married Mathilde Caves who died in 1832. Singleton pursued the study and practice of medicine in Kentucky. Later he married Ann Craig of Lexington, Kentucky. About 1834 he settled at Mount Sterling, Illinois. He commenced the study of law in Mount Sterling and was admitted to the Illinois bar in 1841. During these years the Singletons had a son, James Washington, Jr. but he died in infancy. Ann Craig Singleton also died about 1840.

James Washington Singleton began to distinguish himself in public service during the 1840's. In the "war" against the Mormons he was in command of a military company and he was later commissioned a brigadier-general of militia by Governor Ford of Illinois for his services in the Mormon War. He married Parthenia McDonald on April 9, 1844. He had two children by his third wife: Louise(Lily) born in 1857 and James J. Singleton born in 1860. In 1847 he was elected to represent his county in a constitutional convention. He served in the Illinois legislature representing Schuyler(Brown) County from 1850 to 1854.

The Singletons moved to Quincy where James Washington practiced law and became active in politics. He served in the state legislature from 1860 to 1862. He also represented Quincy in the state Constitutional convention of 1861. That same year he purchased the most famous country home in the area, Boscobel, a mansion set on an estate of 640 acres. Here he played the roles of gentleman farmer, lawyer, and politician. He also became deeply involved in railroad projects. He was president of two railroads: the Quincy, Alton and St. Louis and the Quincy and Toledo. He was responsible for the extension of the Wabash line through Quincy. In 1862 he served on an international commission that investigated water communication between the United States and Canada.

During the Civil War Singleton may be most accurately characterized as a Peace Democrat who maintained close ties with President Lincoln. He had met Lincoln while he was in legal practice in Illinois in the 1840's. Their friendship lasted until Lincoln's death although they held different positions on the principal political issues of the time. At the beginning of the war Singleton was offered a colonelcy in the Illinois militia by Governor Richard Yates. Although he would have commanded ten companies of cavalry, Singleton refused the commission because he did not believe in the war. He opposed Lincoln's arbitrary measures and was prominent in peace conventions at Peoria and Springfield in 1864.In November 1864 he was in Canada conferring with Clay and Tucker, Confederate "commissioners". He made several trips to Richmond late in the war. He was associated with Senator O.H. Browning of Illinois and Judge James Hughes in a scheme to buy Southern products with greenbacks move them through Grant's lines with presidential permission and sell them for a considerable profit in the North. At first Lincoln apparently approved the scheme so that federal money could pass into Southern hands. He, however, gave General Grant complete discretion in the matter. Grant withheld his approval from the operations in early 1865. Singleton apparently held informal "negotiations" with several people in Richmond including President Jefferson Davis and General Robert E. Lee. Lincoln did not give official sanction to these talks but was ready to recognize them if satisfactory Confederate proposals should emerge from the negotiations.

After the war Singleton remained active in politics and farming. Besides attending to the myriad affairs of Boscobel and raising prize stock, Singleton served two terms in the United States House of Representatives (1879-1883). In 1868 he was nominated by the Democratic convention at Monmouth, Illinois for Congress but he was defeated by Mr. John Hawley, the Republican candidate. The Democrats nominated him again in 1878, and this time he was successful. Singleton carried the city of Quincy by the unprecedented majority of 1,732 out of 3,000 votes, and received large majorities in every county in the district. He was reelected in 1880.

Singleton spent most of his later years at Boscobel.He continued to entertain lavishly, manage the affairs of his large estate and give increasing attention to railroad promotion. Political animosities did not disturb his friendships, and he was often called upon to lead civic endeavors. He did not hold any other public office although he sought unsuccessfully the position of Commissioner of Agriculture in the administration of Grover Cleveland. He moved to Baltimore to be with his daughter, Louise (Mrs. Francis W. Thomas) in the fall of 1891 and died at her home on April 4, 1892.

Subject/Index Terms

Copperhead movement
Politicians--Illinois
Singleton, James Washington, 1811-1892
Singleton family
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States. Congress. House

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections and University Archives

Alternate Extent Statement: 35 Hollinger document cases; 1 Hollinger drop-front print box, 3 oversize boxes.1 oversize box and 1 Hollinger oversize box

Access Restrictions: The collection is open to researchers without restrictions.

Use Restrictions: Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from Special Collections and University Archives, and the holder of the copyright, if not Old Dominion University Libraries.

Acquisition Source: Mrs. Judith Ball Wysong Cofer

Acquisition Method: Gift. Accession #A77-5

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], Box [insert number], Folder [insert number and title], James Washington Singleton Papers, Special Collections and University Archives, Old Dominion University Libraries.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series I: Correspondence, 1787-1975],
[Series II: Legal and Government Documents, 1833-1908, undated],
[Series III: Financial and Bookkeeping Records, 1770-1941],
[Series IV: Business Papers, undated],
[Series V: Military Papers, 1794-1846, undated],
[Series VI: Speeches, 1812-1881],
[Series VII: Miscellaneous Material, 1785-1944, undated],
[Series IX: Newspaper Clippings, 1851-1865, undated],
[Series X: Publications, 1802-1945, undated],
[Series XI: Photographs, undated],
[Series XII: Oversize Newspapers, 1817-1932, undated],
[All]

Series I: Correspondence, 1787-1975
This series is further divided into 13 subseries. Within each subseries, the correspondence is arranged chronologically.
Sub-Series A: James Singleton (1762-1815), 1787-1815
The correspondence of James Singleton (1762-1815). Most of the correspondence dates from the War of 1812 period and is concerned with Singleton's activities in that conflict.
Box 1
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1787-1801
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1804-1810
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1811-1813
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1814 March-August
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1814 September
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1814 October-November
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1815
Sub-Series B: Joseph Holmes Sherrard (1802-1889), 1826-1911
The correspondence of Joseph Holmes Sherrard (1802-1889). This subseries also includes some correspondence of Sherrard's daughters, Virginia and Elizabeth Sherrard.
Box 1
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1826-1827
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1830-1838
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1841-1850
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1852-1911
Sub-Series C: James Washington Singleton (1811-1892), 1837-1892
The correspondence of James Washington Singleton(1811-1892). Most of the correspondence dates from the post 1860 period. There are five folders of letters from the 1860-1866 period which give a limited view of Singleton's Civil War activities. The subseries includes correspondence from the 1879 to 1883, the period when Singleton was serving in the House of Representatives. There is a good file of correspondence from the 1884-1885 period when Singleton was seeking a position in Cleveland's administration as Commissioner of Agriculture.
Box 1
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1837, 1839
Folder 13: Correspondence, 1840-1849
Folder 14: Correspondence, 1850-1859
Folder 15: Correspondence, 1860-1861
Folder 16: Correspondence, 1862-1863
Includes a letter from Ulysses S. Grant on March 24, 1862.
Folder 17: Correspondence, 1864
Folder 18: Correspondence, 1865
Folder 19: Correspondence, 1866
Folder 20: Correspondence, 1867-1868
Folder 21: Correspondence, 1870-1872, 1874
Folder 22: Correspondence, 1875-1879
Box 2
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1880-1881
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1882
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1883 January-December 24
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1883 December 25-31
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1884
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1885
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1886-1892
Sub-Series D: Parthenia McDonald Singleton, 1858-1898
The correspondence of Parthenia McDonald Singleton (1824-1902). The correspondence from 1864 to 1866 includes letters from her husband, James W. during his visits to Richmond.
Box 2
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1858-1859
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1864-1866
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1880-1890
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1891-1892
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1893-1894
Folder 13: Correspondence, 1895-1896
Folder 14: Correspondence, 1896-1898
Sub-Series E: Anna Singleton McDonald, 1856-1923
The correspondence of Anna Singleton McDonald (1836-1929).
Box 3
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1856-1866
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1871-1910
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1910-1923
Sub-Series F: Lily Singleton Thomas Osburn, 1875-1942
The correspondence of Lily Singleton Thomas Osburn (1857-1943). The principal correspondents in this subseries are Lily's daughter Cora and historian Matthew Page Andrews. The Andrews' correspondence (1926-1942) contains biographical information about James W. Singleton. Lily corresponded with many relatives and these letters are a good source of genealogical information.
Box 3
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1875-1878
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1880-1881
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1882-1883 December 14
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1883 December 15-22
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1883 December 24-28
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1883 December 27-31
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1884 January-October
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1884 November-December
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1885-1886
Folder 13: Correspondence, 1887
Box 4
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1888
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1889
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1890-1891
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1892 January-April 4
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1892 April 5
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1892 April 9-30
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1892 May-December
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1893
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1894 January-September
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1894 September-December
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1895 January-June
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1895 July-December
Folder 13: Correspondence, 1896 January-May
Folder 14: Correspondence, 1896 June-December
Folder 15: Correspondence, 1897 January-February 24
Folder 16: Correspondence, 1897 February 25
Box 5
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1897 February 26
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1897 February 27
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1897 February 28
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1897 March 1-3
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1897 March 4-5
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1897 March 6-7
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1897 March 8-13
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1897 March 14-20
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1897 March 21-31
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1897 April
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1897 May-October
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1897 November-December
Folder 13: Correspondence, 1898 January-March
Folder 14: Correspondence, 1898 April-June
Box 6
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1898 July-December
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1899 January-April
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1899 May-December
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1900 January-April
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1900 May-July
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1900 August-December
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1901 January-August
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1901 September-December
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1902 January-February
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1902 March 1-4
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1902 March 5-6
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1902 March 7-8
Box 7
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1902 March 9-12
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1902 March 13-17
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1902 March 18-31
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1902 April-July
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1902 September-December
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1903 January-March
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1903 April-July
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1903 September-December
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1904
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1905 January-August
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1905 September-December
Box 8
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1906 January-February
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1906 March-May
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1906 June-July
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1906 August-October 15
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1906 October 17-November 19
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1906 November 11-21
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1906 November 23-December
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1907 January-June
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1907 August-October
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1907 November-December
Box 9
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1908 January-May
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1908 June-October
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1908 November-December
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1909 January-July
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1909 August-December
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1910 January
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1910 February-March
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1910 April-August
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1910 October 1-22
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1910 October 23
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1910 October 24
Box 10
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1910 October 25
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1910 October 26
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1910 October 27
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1910 October 28-29
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1910 October 30-31
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1910 November 1-3
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1910 November 4-10
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1910 November 11-28
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1910 December
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1911 January
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1911 February-July
Box 11
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1911 August-September
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1911 November-December
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1912 January-February
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1912 March-May
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1912 June-December
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1913
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1914
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1915 January-June
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1915 August-December
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1916
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1917 January-August
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1917 September
Box 12
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1918
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1919 May-October
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1919 November 1-22
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1919 November 23-25
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1919 November 26-30
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1919 December
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1920 January-February
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1920 March-April
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1920 May-July
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1920 August-September
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1920 October-December
Box 13
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1921 January-February
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1921 March-June
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1921 July-September
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1921 October-November
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1921 December
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1922 January-April
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1922 May-August
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1922 October-November
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1922 December
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1923 January-April
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1923 May
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1923 June-July
Box 14
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1923 August-September
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1923 October-November
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1923 December
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1924 January
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1924 February-March
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1924 May-June
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1924 July-September
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1924 October-December
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1925 January
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1925 February
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1925 March
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1925 April-May
Folder 13: Correspondence, 1925 June-July
Box 15
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1925 August-December
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1926 January
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1926 February-April
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1926 May-June
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1926 July-August
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1926 September
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1926 October-November
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1926 December
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1927 January
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1927 February-March
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1927 April-June
Box 16
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1927 July-October
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1927 November-December
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1928 January-February
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1928 March
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1928 April-May
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1928 June-August
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1928 September-October
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1928 November-December
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1929 January-May
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1929 June-September
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1929 October-December
Box 17
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1930 March-June
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1930 July-September
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1930 October-November
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1930 December
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1931 January-February
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1931 March-April
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1931 May-December
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1932 January-April
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1932 May-December
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1933 February-May
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1933 June-October
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1934 January-June
Folder 13: Correspondence, 1934 September-December
Box 18
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1935 January-August
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1935 September-November
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1935 December
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1936 January
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1936 February
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1936 March-June
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1936 September-December
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1937
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1938
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1939
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1940
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1941
Folder 13: Correspondence, 1942
Sub-Series G: James Jones Singleton, 1891-1906
The correspondence of James Jones Singleton (1860-1948). The correspondence for the most part pertains to the death of his father in 1892 and the death of his mother in 1902.
Box 18
Folder 14: Correspondence, 1891
Folder 15: Correspondence, 1892
Folder 16: Correspondence, 1894-1906
Sub-Series H: Louise Singleton Thomas Kemp, 1890-1911
The correspondence of Louise Singleton Thomas Kemp (1884-1969). The subseries is composed of the childhood correspondence of Lily's eldest daughter, Louise.
Box 19
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1890-1896, 1905-1909
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1910-1911
Sub-Series I: Judith Ball Thomas Wysong, 1894-1923
The correspondence of Judith Ball Thomas Wysong (1887-1976) is the childhood correspondence of Lily's daughter Judith.
Box 19
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1894, 1896
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1910 October
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1910 November-December
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1911-1912
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1915-1919 November 24
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1919 November 25-1923
Sub-Series J: Francis Worthington Thomas, Jr., 1908-1910
Correspondence of Francis Worthington Thomas, Jr. (1889-1910) contain the letters of Lily's only son Francis.
Box 19
Folder 9: Correspondence, 1908-1909
Folder 10: Correspondence, 1910
Sub-Series K: Cora Eller Thomas, 1906-1918
The correspondence of Cora Elder Thomas consists of a few letters of Lily's youngest daughter Cora.
Box 19
Folder 11: Correspondence, 1906-1918
Sub-Series L: Judith Ball Wysong Cofer, 1959-1975
The correspondence of Judith Ball Wysong Cofer (1924- ) includes one folder of letters from researchers requesting access to the Singleton papers or information on James W. Singleton.
Box 19
Folder 12: Correspondence, 1959-1975
Sub-Series M: Parthenia Marie Thomas deLoach (PMTD), 1908-1936
The correspondence of Parthenia Marie Thomas de Loach (1892- ).
Box 20
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1908-1909
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1910
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1911-1919
Folder 4: Letters from PMTD, 1898-1921
Folder 5: Letters from PMTD, 1922
Folder 6: Letters from PMTD, 1923 January-March
Folder 7: Letters from PMTD, 1923 April-July
Folder 8: Letters from PMTD, 1923 August-December
Folder 9: Letters from PMTD, 1924 January-April
Folder 10: Letters from PMTD, 1924 May-December
Folder 11: Letters from PMTD, 1925 January-April
Folder 12: Letters from PMTD, 1925 May-December
Box 21
Folder 1: Letters from PMTD, 1926 January-July
Folder 2: Letters from PMTD, 1926 August-December
Folder 3: Letters from PMTD, 1927 February-July
Folder 4: Letters from PMTD, 1927 September-December
Folder 5: Letters from PMTD, 1928 January-July
Folder 6: Letters from PMTD, 1928 September-December
Folder 7: Letters from PMTD, 1929
Folder 8: Letters from PMTD, 1930
Folder 9: Letters from PMTD, 1931
Folder 10: Letters from PMTD, 1932-1933
Folder 11: Letters from PMTD, 1934
Folder 12: Letters from PMTD, 1935
Folder 13: Letters from PMTD, 1936
Series II: Legal and Government Documents, 1833-1908, undated
This series includes agreements, appointments, deeds, indentures, inventories, estate appraisals, licenses, summons, wills, and miscellaneous government documents.
Box 22
Folder 1: Agreements, undated
Folder 2: Appointments, 1893, 1901
Folder 3: Bills--U.S. House and Senate, undated
Folder 4: Court Orders, undated
Folder 5: Deeds, undated
Folder 6: Estate of Gen. James Singleton, Related Documents, undated
Folder 7: Indentures, undated
Folder 8: Inventories and Estate Appraisals, undated
Folder 9: Legal Briefs, 1834-1908
Folder 10: Letters Patent, undated
Folder 11: Licenses, undated
Folder 12: Presidential Message, 1838
Folder 13: Report of the Committee of Twenty-Four, 1833
Folder 14: Summons, undated
Folder 15: Wills, undated
Series III: Financial and Bookkeeping Records, 1770-1941
This series includes agreements, appointments, deeds, indentures, inventories, estate appraisals, licenses, summons, wills, and miscellaneous government documents.
Box 22
Folder 16: Daybook, circa 1812
Folder 17: Daybook, circa 1832
Folder 18: Daybook, 1847
Folder 19: Receipts and Invoices, 1770-1810
Folder 20: Receipts and Invoices, 1811-1815
Folder 21: Receipts and Invoices, 1816-1838
Folder 22: Receipts and Invoices, 1840-1855
Folder 23: Receipts and Invoices, 1860-1869
Folder 24: Receipts and Invoices, 1870-1889
Folder 25: Receipts and Invoices, 1890-1909
Folder 26: Receipts and Invoices, 1910-1941
Folder 27: Receipts and Invoices, Revenue Tax, 1804
Series IV: Business Papers, undated
This series includes miscellaneous papers concerning the Farmer's Bank of Virginia at Winchester. In addition there are several documents relating to Singleton's railroad interests with the Great Western, the Hannibal and St. Joseph, the Quincy Alton and St. Louis, and the Quincy and Palmyra Railroad Companies.
Box 23
Folder 1: Farmer's Bank of Virginia at Winchester, undated
Folder 2: Great Western Railroad Company, undated
Folder 3: Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company, undated
Folder 4: Quincy, Alton and St. Louis Railroad Company, undated
Folder 5: Quincy and Palmyra Railroad Company, undated
Folder 6: Horse Breeding, undated
Series V: Military Papers, 1794-1846, undated
Included in this series are commissions, orders and reports. In addition there is a 1794 Proclamation pardoning participants in the Whiskey Rebellion.
Box 23
Folder 7: Abstract, Provisions Paid, 1813
Folder 8: Commission, 1846
Folder 9: Inventory, Clothing Distributed to Men under Command of James Singleton, circa 1812-1815
Folder 10: Memorandum of General Washington (Copy), undated
Folder 11: Orders, 1807
Folder 12: Orders, 1814
Folder 13: Orders, 1844
Folder 14: Organization of the Virginia Militia, 1804
Folder 15: Payroll, 1795 April 12
Folder 16: Proclamation (Pardoning Participants in Whiskey Rebellion), 1794
Folder 17: Reports, 1795-1814
Series VI: Speeches, 1812-1881
The series consists of speeches including those given by James W. Singleton.
Box 23
Folder 18: Speeches, 1812
Folder 19: Speeches, 1838
Folder 20: Speeches, 1871-1872
Folder 21: Speeches, 1874-1881
Series VII: Miscellaneous Material, 1785-1944, undated
This series consits of miscellaneous material collected by the Singleton family including aricles on Abraham Lincoln, genealogical material, and writings.
Sub-Series A: Materials of Matthew Page Andrews, 1928, undated
This sub-series consists of articles on Lincoln and Singleton, book reviews, and notes.
Box 23
Folder 22: Article--"Abraham Lincoln's Envoy of Peach"
Folder 23: Article--"Abraham Lincoln's Envoy of Peach"
Folder 24: Article--"Lincoln's Lost Friend"
Folder 25: Biographical Information: Abraham Lincoln
Folder 26: Biographical Information: James W. Singleton
Folder 27: Book Reviews in the Confederate Veteran
Folder 28: Information on James W. Singleton
(Supplied by Mrs. Lily Singleton Thomas Osburn)
Folder 29: Interview with Anna Singleton McDonald, December 6, 1928
Folder 30: Miscellaneous Papers
Folder 31: Notes, Singleton Paper
Folder 32: Questions for Mrs. Osburn
Folder 33: Source Materials
Folder 34: Source Materials, James Singleton
Sub-Series B: Genealogical and Historical Notes Collected by Lily Singleton Thomas Osburn, undated
This series contains genealogical and historical notes collected by Lily Singleton Thomas Osburn. Includes notes on the Ball, Fauntleroy, McCarthy, McDonald, Singleton, Thomas, Throckmorton and other families.
Box 23
Folder 35: Ball Family, undated
Folder 36: Fauntleroy Family, undated
Folder 37: McCarthy Family, undated
Folder 38-39: McDonald Family, undated
Folder 40-42: Singleton Family I-III, undated
Box 24
Folder 1: Thomas Family, undated
Folder 2: Throckmorton Family, undated
Folder 3-6: Other Families I-IV, undated
Folder 7: Printed Genealogical Materials, undated
Folder 8: James Singleton, undated
Folder 9: James W. Singleton, undated
Oversize Box 38
Item 1: Family Tree, undated
Sub-Series C: Other Subjects Arranged Alphabethically, 1785-1944, undated
This sub-series contains poetry, creative writing, insurance policies, political papers, church papers, report cards, tributes, memorials, and James W. Singleton's diary for 1870. Of note in Box 25 is a recipe for beer from an enslaved person in 1785.
Box 24
Folder 10: Advertisements, undated
Folder 11: Autobiographical Sketch: James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 12: Biographical Material: James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 13: Biographical Material: James W. Singleton: Chicago Times, 1885 December 26
Folder 14: Church Papers, James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 15: Creative Writings, undated
Folder 16: Creative Writings: Anna Singleton McDonald, undated
Folder 17: Diary: James W. Singleton, 1870
Folder 18: Letter to the Editor, Richmond Enquirer, circa 1840
Folder 19: Insurance Policies, 1899-1944
Box 25
Folder 1: Inventories, undated
Folder 2: Poetry, undated
Folder 3: Poetry: Printed, undated
Folder 4: Poetry: St. John's Wood, undated
Folder 5: Poetry: Anna Singleton McDonald, undated
Folder 6: Poetry: James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 7: Political Papers: James Singleton, undated
Folder 8-9: Political Papers I-II: James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 10: Reception (Lists of Food and Guests), 1880 February 26
Folder 11: Report Cards: Lily Singleton, undated
Folder 12: Report Cards: Louise Singleton Thomas, undated
Folder 13: Report Cards: Francis W. Thomas, Jr., 1900
Folder 14: Report Cards: Francis W. Thomas, Jr., Clay Hill Academy, 1905-1906
Folder 15: Report Cards: Francis W. Thomas, Jr., Hampden-Sydney College, 1906-1910
Folder 16: Report Cards: Parthenia M. Thomas, Stephenson Seminary, 1907-1910
Folder 17: Report Cards: Cora E. Thomas, Stephenson Seminary, undated
Folder 18: Report Cards: Elinor and Willard Osburn, undated
Folder 19: Restoration of Battle Flags, undated
Folder 20: Schoolwork: Italian Exercise Book, Lily Singleton, undated
Folder 21: Schoolwork: The Thomas Children, undated
Folder 22: Slave Recipe for Beer, 1785
Folder 23: Societies: National Society, United States Daughters of 1812, Pocahontas Memorial Association, Society of the Cincinnati, Washington Club, undated
Folder 24: Travel Itinerary, undated
Folder 25: Tributes and Memorials, undated
Folder 26: Miscellaneous Fragments, undated
Box 26
Folder 1: Baptismal Certificate: Singleton Van Scharch (Copy), undated
Folder 2: Address Book: Lily E. Singleton Thomas, undated
Folder 3: Calling Book: Lily Singleton Thomas, undated
Folder 4: Booklets, Souvenir, undated
Folder 5: Booklets, Souvenir, Jefferson County, West Virginia, 1801-1851
Folder 6: Calling Cards, undated
Folder 7: Calling Cards: James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 8: Greeting Cards, undated
Folder 9: Clarke County Historical Collection, undated
Folder 10: Confederate Bonds, undated
Folder 11: Diploma, undated
Folder 12: Flowers and Plants, undated
Folder 13: Locks of Hair, undated
Folder 14: Invitations, Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 15: Momentoes, Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 16: Momentoes from Boscobel, Boscobel Stock Farm and Singleton Park, undated
Folder 17: Money and Bank Notes, undated
Folder 18: Music: Columbia's Call, undated
Folder 19: Passes, undated
Folder 20: Pedigree of Airedale Terrier, undated
Folder 21: Postcards, undated
Folder 22: Posters Advertising Sale of Land, undated
Folder 23: Pot Luck Club, undated
Folder 24: Programs, undated
Folder 25: Programs: George Washington Bicentennial Ball, undated
Box 27
Folder 1: Programs: James Exposition, 1907
Folder 2: Programs: National Music Week, 1929
Folder 3: Programs: Opera, undated
Folder 4: Programs: Opera, undated
Folder 5: Programs: Opera, undated
Folder 6: Programs: Opera, undated
Folder 7: Programs: Opera, undated
Folder 8: Programs: Opera, undated
Folder 9: Programs: Opera, undated
Folder 10: Programs: Opera, undated
Folder 11: Programs: Opera, undated
Folder 12: Programs: Opera, undated
Folder 13: Programs: Plays, undated
Folder 14: Programs: Plays, undated
Box 28
Folder 1: Recipes, undated
Folder 2: Recipes, undated
Folder 3: Recipes, undated
Folder 4: Recipes, undated
Folder 5: Recipes, undated
Folder 6: Scrapbook: 19th Century Clippings, undated
Folder 7: Scrapbook: Clippings, 1830-1850
Folder 8: Scrapbook: Civil War Momentoes, undated
Folder 9: Seals, undated
Folder 10: Valentines, undated
These are in fragile condition. Handle with care
Box 29
Folder 1: Wedding Book: Lily Singleton Thomas Howard Osburn, undated
Folder 2: Wedding Invitations: Louise, Judith and Parthenia Thomas, undated
Folder 3: Wedding Invitations, 1881-1903
Folder 4: Wedding Invitations, 1917
Folder 5: Wedding Invitations, 1919, 1921
Folder 6: Wedding Invitations, 1922
Folder 7: Wedding Invitations, 1924-1926
Folder 8: Wedding Invitations, undated
Folder 9: Wedding Invitation List: Lily E. Singleton, undated
Folder 10: Wedding Invitation Lists: Louise, Judith and Parthenia Thomas, undated
Series IX: Newspaper Clippings, 1851-1865, undated
This series is arranged by subject or name. There are many contemporary clippings concerning James W. Singleton. Some clippings are arranged separately in this series in chronological order.
Box 29
Folder 11: Ball Family, undated
Folder 12: Breeden Family, undated
Folder 13: Civil War Clippings (Contemporary), undated
Folder 14: Corbyn Family, undated
Folder 15: Jefferson Davis, undated
Folder 16: Parthenia Marie Thomas deLoach, undated
Folder 17: Genealogy, undated
Folder 18: Genealogy, undated
Folder 19: Ulysses S. Grant, undated
Folder 20: Wade Hampton, undated
Folder 21: Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson, undated
Folder 22: Louise Singleton Thomas Kemp, undated
Folder 23: Kircheval Family, undated
Folder 24: Robert E. Lee, undated
Folder 25: Abraham Lincoln, undated
Folder 26: Abraham Lincoln, undated
Folder 27: Abraham Lincoln, undated
Box 30
Folder 1: McDannold Family, undated
Folder 2: McDonald Family, undated
Folder 3: Marshall Family, undated
Folder 4: George C. Marshall, undated
Folder 5: Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 6: Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 7: Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 8: Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 9: Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 10: Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 11: Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 12: Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 13: Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 14: Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 15: Lily Singleton Thomas Osburn, undated
Folder 16: Quincy, Illinois and Winchester, Virgina, undated
Folder 17: Quincy, Illinois and Winchester, Virgina, undated
Folder 18: Sherrard Family, undated
Box 31
Folder 1: Singleton Family, undated
Folder 2: James Jones Singleton, undated
Folder 3: James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 4: James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 5: James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 6: James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 7: James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 8: James W. Singleton: Silver Heels, undated
Folder 9: James W. Singleton: Tributes, undated
Folder 10: James W. Singleton: 20th Century Articles, undated
Folder 11: Parthenia Singleton, undated
Folder 12: Francis Worthington Thomas, undated
Folder 13: Washington Family, undated
Folder 14: Daniel Webster, undated
Folder 15: Woodrow Wilson, undated
Folder 16: Judith Ball Thomas Wysong, undated
Folder 17: Miscellaneous Clippings, 1851
Folder 18: Miscellaneous Clippings, 1855
Folder 19: Miscellaneous Clippings, 1856
Folder 20: Miscellaneous Clippings, 1859
Folder 21: Miscellaneous Clippings, 1860
Folder 22: Miscellaneous Clippings, 1861
Folder 23: Miscellaneous Clippings, 1861
Folder 24: Miscellaneous Clippings, 1862
Folder 25: Miscellaneous Clippings, 1864
Folder 26: Miscellaneous Clippings, 1865
Series X: Publications, 1802-1945, undated
This series contains books, pamphlets, and other publications collected by the Singleton family. Most of the titles are related to history, languages, and writing but there are also issues of Harper's Monthly in 1856 and 1883. Within each sub-series the titles are arranged alphabetically.
Sub-Series A: General, 1802-1945, undated
Box 32
Folder 1: Almanac, 1802
Folder 2: Art Club of Philadelphia, 1891
Folder 3: Burnett's Floral Handbook, undated
Folder 4: Cord Stunts for Kiddies, 1921
Folder 5: Columbia: The Land of the Free (Anna Singleton McDonald), undated
Folder 6: The Complaint, or Night Thoughts (Edward Young), 1840
Folder 7: The Constant Christmas (Phillips Brooks), undated
Folder 8: Early History of the Daughters of the American Revolution, undated
Folder 9: Eulenspiegl Und Munchhausen (Peter Hagboldt), 1933
Folder 10: Ford's History of Illinois (Governor Thomas Ford), 1854
Folder 11: French Language Guide, 1943
Folder 12: Greek and Roman Mythology (Lloyd E. Smith), undated
Box 33
Folder 1: History of Indian Pottery, undated
Folder 2: Hand Book of Washington Cathedral, 1911
Folder 3: Holy Thoughts and Prayers (Dr. Hook), 1849
Folder 4: Luther Martin: The "Federal Bull Dog" and a Sketch of the Life and Character of Nathaniel Ramsay, 1887
Folder 5: Maryland Life Insurance Almanac, 1899
Folder 6: My Mother-in-Law, Bricktop, circa 1875
Folder 7: A Neglected Phase of Revolutionary History, 1945
Folder 8: New York As It Is, In 1833, undated
Folder 9: Popular Synonyms, undated
Box 34
Folder 1: The Privateeisman: Captain Manvot (Charles J. Finger), undated
Folder 2: The Relations of the United States to Each Other as Modified by the War and the Constitutional Amendments (John Randolph Tucker), undated
Folder 3: Some Emigrants to Virginia (W. G. Standard), undated
Folder 4: To Cuba and Back: A Variation Voyage (Richard H. Dana), undated
Folder 5: Wanderer in Washington, 1827
Folder 6: A Young Veteran of the War (Anna Morgan Getyendanner), undated
Sub-Series B: Serials, 1856-1924
Box 34
Folder 7: Harper's New Monthly Magazine, No. 69, 1856 February
Folder 8: Harper's New Monthly Magazine, No. 392, 1883 January
Folder 9: Harper's New Monthly Magazine, No. 394, 1883 March
Folder 10: Harper's New Monthly Magazine, No. 395, 1883 April
Folder 11: The Prophetic Times, Vol. VI, Nos. 8-9, 1868
Folder 12: Quarterly Journal, 1863
Folder 13: Quincy Motor Club Exhaust, Vol. II, Nos. 1-2, 1924
Series XI: Photographs, undated
This series contains ambrotypes, daguerreotypes, prints, and other photographic media. The photographs identified with names or titles have been arranged alphabetically. While none of the photographs have dates, they are most likely from around 1865 to 1930.
Sub-Series A: Ambrotypes and Daguerreotypes, undated
Box 35
Folder 1: Edward C. McDonald, undated
This image is located in Box 36
Folder 2: Joseph H. Sherrard and Ann with Daughter Lizzie, undated
This image is located in Box 36
Folder 3: Virginia Sherrard, undated
This image is located in Box 36
Folder 4: Unidentified, undated
This image is located in Box 36
Box 36
Item 1: Edward McDonald Ambrotype, undated
Item 2: Edward McDonald with Frances Elizabeth Singleton McDonald Ambrotype, undated
Item 3: Edward McDonald Ambrotype, undated
Item 4: Virginia Ball Sherrard Ambrotype, undated
Item 5: Joseph Holmes Sherrard, Ann McCarty Sington Sherrard, Elizabeth Kemper Sherrard (Daughter) Ambrotype, undated
Damaged
Item 6: Unidentified Damaged Image, undated
Item 7: Female Portrait Ambrotype, undated
Item 8: Male Portrait Ambrotype, undated
Sub-Series B: Photographic Prints, undated
Box 35
Folder 5: Reid Baker, undated
Folder 6: Ball Coat of Arms, undated
Folder 7: Boscobel, undated
Folder 8: Jamie Stinson Breedin, undated
Folder 9: Louise Breedin, undated
Folder 10: Celeste Buford, undated
Folder 11: Chapel Green, undated
Folder 12: Joseph Sherrard Coleman, undated
Folder 13: Lucy Singleton Coleman, undated
Folder 14: William Corbyn, undated
Folder 15: Francis Bratten deLoach, undated
Folder 16: Home of General Daniel Morgan, undated
Folder 17: Homes of General James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 18: Louise Singleton Thomas Kemp, undated
Folder 19: Millicent McDonald, undated
Folder 20: Florence McElroy, undated
Folder 21: Frances Buford McElroy, undated
Folder 22: Mary Frances Buford McElroy, undated
Folder 23: Buford Mott, undated
Folder 24: Old Chapel, undated
Folder 25: Lily Singleton Thomas Osburn, undated
Folder 26: Nelson and Barbara Osburn, undated
Folder 27: Clara Singleton Patty, undated
Folder 28: Paxton, undated
Folder 29: Cabel St. Clair, undated
Folder 30: Singleton Coat of Arms, undated
Folder 31: Ed Singleton, undated
Folder 32: James W. Singleton, undated
Folder 33: Jonett P. Singleton, undated
Folder 34: Cora Elder Thomas, undated
Folder 35: Francis W. Thomas, Jr., undated
Folder 36: Parthenia M. Thomas (deLoach), undated
Folder 37: W. F. Thorton, undated
Folder 38: Mrs. Humphrey Ward, undated
Folder 39: Judith Ball Thomas Wysong, undated
Folder 40: Unidentified, undated
Sub-Series C: Prints, Sketches and Lithographs, undated
Box 35
Folder 41: Miscellaneous, undated
Series XII: Oversize Newspapers, 1817-1932, undated
This series includes copies of old newspapers. These have been arranged by state and then alphabetically by place of publication. Newspapers of particular interest include three issues of the Daily Quincy Herald (1878, 1882 and 1919) and three issues of the Quincy Daily Whig (1882).
Sub-Series A: District of Columbia, 1827-1928
Oversize Box 37
Item 1: National Intelligencer, 1827 April 26, 1828 December 18
Item 2: The Washington Post, 1928 October 10, 1936 January 21, 1936 December 13
Item 3: The Washington Star, 1923 October 21, 1926 February 21, 1928 October 14
Sub-Series B: Georgia, 1932
Oversize Box 37
Item 4: Atlanta American, 1932 October 23
Sub-Series C: Illinois, 1876-1923
Oversize Box 37
Item 5: Adams County Democrat, 1882 October 28
Item 6: The Chicago Times, 1876 September 28; 1885 December 26
Item 7: The Highland Park Press, 1923 March 1
Item 8: Daily Quincy Herald, 1878 November 5; 1882 August 3; 1919 May 30
Item 9: Quincy Daily Whig, 1882 August 10; 1882 August 13; 1882 August 18
Sub-Series D: Baltimore, Maryland, 1822-1930
Oversize Box 37
Item 10: American Farmer, 1822-1830
Issues: April 12, 1822, April 26,1822; November 15, 1822, August 1, 1828 May 7, 1830, July 16, 1830
Item 11: The Baltimore Sun, 1889-1930
Issues: April 30, 1889; May 1, 1891; January 9, 1891; July 20, 1891; July 21, 1891; July 22, 1891; December 7, 1892; May 11, 1894; January 17,1895; February 9, 1930; April 6, 1930
Sub-Series E: New York, 1864-1932
Oversize Box 37
Item 12: New York American and Journal, 1902 June 29
Item 13: New York Daily News, 1864 July 27; 1864 December 8; 1932 November 20
Item 14: New York Times, 1922 August 6; 1928 February 12
Sub-Series F: Ohio, 1892-1932
Oversize Box 37
Item 15: Cleveland Plain Dealer, 1892 November 9; 1932 November 9
Item 16: Columbus Dispatch, 1923 December 30
Sub-Series G: Pennsylvania, 1864, 1924
Oversize Box 37
Item 17: Gettysburg Compiler, 1868 March 27
Item 18: Saturday Evening Post (Philadelphia), 1924 November 29
Sub-Series H: Tennessee, 1868
Oversize Box 37
Item 19: Daily Memphis Avalanche, 1868 May 3
Sub-Series I: Virginia, 1817-1900
Oversize Box 37
Item 20: Virginia Free Press (Charlestown), 1845 March 13; 1900 September 15
Item 21: Virginian Herald (Fredericksburg), 1875 December 13
Item 22: The Genius of Liberty (Leesburg), 1817 March 4
Item 23: Lynchburg News, 1892 January 5; 1892 January 14
Item 24: Richmond Whig, 1861 March 26; 1865 March 14
Item 25: Winchester Virginia, 1861 January 2
Sub-Series J: West Virginia, 1910-1929, undated
Oversize Box 37
Item 26: Farmers Advocate, 1910 October 29
Item 27: Martinsburg Evening Journal, 1929 March 2
Item 28: Miscellaneous Central Presbyterian, undated

Browse by Series:

[Series I: Correspondence, 1787-1975],
[Series II: Legal and Government Documents, 1833-1908, undated],
[Series III: Financial and Bookkeeping Records, 1770-1941],
[Series IV: Business Papers, undated],
[Series V: Military Papers, 1794-1846, undated],
[Series VI: Speeches, 1812-1881],
[Series VII: Miscellaneous Material, 1785-1944, undated],
[Series IX: Newspaper Clippings, 1851-1865, undated],
[Series X: Publications, 1802-1945, undated],
[Series XI: Photographs, undated],
[Series XII: Oversize Newspapers, 1817-1932, undated],
[All]

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