Clarence Cameron White
Printed front cover of Ouanga Clarence Cameron White's opera, Ouanga!, is "characterized by jolting rhythms, athletic movement, and extreme dynamics " according to Carl G. Harris, Jr., currently a Professor of Music History at Hampton University, in an article he wrote on black choral composers and arrangers in 1974. Ouanga! was premiered in Chicago in 1932 where it won the David Bispham medal. Through  the patronage of Julius Rosenwald, White began work on the opera while he was living in France, but finished the final draft during his tenure at the Hampton Institute. This plate represents the cover of the printed 1932 version of the opera. Below is the cover page of the revised draft which was completed at Hampton Institute in 1934. 


wan-ga or ouan-ga \n -s [Haitian Creole ouanga, of Bantu origin; akin to Kimbundu wanga witchcraft, Tshiluba bwanga charm, fetish] : voodoo sorcery; also : a voodooistic charm or spell. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Original in the collections of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.

Re-draft front cover of Ouanga Original in the collections of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.
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