Special Collections of the ODU Libraries

Tidewater History Collection, 1853-2011, undated | Special Collections and University Archives

By Special Collections Staff

Collection Overview

Title: Tidewater History Collection, 1853-2011, undated

Predominant Dates:1940-2010

ID: 00/MG 91

Extent: 6.8 Linear Feet. More info below.

Arrangement: The collection is broken into the following series: I: Norfolk; II: Greater Tidewater and Virginia; III: Hampton Roads Planning Commission IV: Oversize Newspapers; V: Oversize Maps; and VI: Oversize Photos.

Subjects: Hampton Roads (Va.)--History, Hampton Roads (Va.)--Maps, Hampton Roads (Va.)--Photographs, Hampton Roads (Va.)--Printed Materials

Languages: English


The Tidewater History Collection contains materials such as, newspaper clippings, whole newspapers, magazines, maps, and pamphlets related to the communities of Hampton Roads, with primary focus on Norfolk.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Tidewater History Collection consists of newspaper clippings, newspapers, magazines, maps, and pamphlets. The context of the material relates to Hampton Roads facts, history, events, government, culture and the military, with emphasis on the city of Norfolk.

Collection Historical Note

In 1607, twenty years before the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock, a small band of Englishmen sailed into the Chesapeake Bay up the James River and settled on a small island named Jamestown. The settlement of Jamestown marked the origin of Colonial America. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Colony of Virginia became the most productive of all the English colonies. In the late eighteenth century, the influence of Virginians helped the American Colonies gain independence from England. In the mid- to late-eighteenth century, Virginia produced more great leaders than any other place in world history.

Today, there are 1.8 million residents in Hampton Roads, making up one-fifth of Virginia's population. The region is rich in culture, thriving communities and maritime and economic development. Hampton Roads is the home of the world's largest naval base, located in Norfolk, and is known for a strong military presence.

The southeastern region of Virginia is referred to as Hampton Roads. This region includes the communities of Chesapeake, Franklin, Hampton, Newport News, Norfolk, Poquoson, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Virginia Beach and Williamsburg, and the counties of Gloucester, Isle of Wight, James City, Mathews, Southampton, Surry and York and the following cities and counties of North Carolina – Currituck County, Gates County, Elizabeth City, and Kill Devil Hills (there is no material from the North Carolina cities and counties in the collection).

The meaning behind Hampton Roads is the body of water surrounding this area which incorporates the mouths of the Elizabeth River, Nansemond River, and James River with several smaller rivers and empties into the Chesapeake Bay near its mouth leading to the Atlantic Ocean. Hampton Roads is considered one of the world’s largest natural harbors, with ‘roads’ being a nautical term meaning safe harbor (more accurately a 'roadstead').

Hampton Roads is known for its large military presence, ice-free harbor, shipyards, coal piers, and miles of waterfront property and beaches, all of which contribute to the diversity and stability of the region's economy.

Creating and maintaining adequate infrastructure has long been a major challenge. The Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel (HRBT) and the Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel (MMMBT) are major harbor crossings of the Hampton Roads Beltway interstate, which links the large population centers of Hampton Roads. In 2007, the Hampton Roads Transportation Authority (HRTA) was formed under a controversial state law to levy various additional taxes, fees, and tolls to generate funding for major regional transportation projects, including a long-sought but costly third crossing of the harbor of Hampton Roads.

Cooperation between the regions is an ongoing challenge. The Hampton Roads Planning District Commission (HRPDC) is one of twenty-one planning district commissions in the commonwealth of Virginia. Their purpose is to encourage local government and state-local cooperation in matters such as commerce, city planning, housing, water resources, and emergency management.

Subject/Index Terms

Hampton Roads (Va.)--History
Hampton Roads (Va.)--Maps
Hampton Roads (Va.)--Photographs
Hampton Roads (Va.)--Printed Materials

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections and University Archives

Alternate Extent Statement: 5 Hollinger Document Cases, 1 Hollinger Half-Case, and 2 Oversize Boxes

Access Restrictions: Collection is open to researchers without restrictions.

Use Restrictions: Collection is open to researchers without restrictions. Questions on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.

Acquisition Source: Various transfers

Related Materials: Old Dominion University Libraries-Library Guides: Tidewater Regional Resources

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], Box [insert number], Folder [insert number and title], Tidewater History Collection, Special Collections and University Archives, Patricia W. and J. Douglas Perry Library, Old Dominion University Libraries, Norfolk, VA 23529.

Processing Information: This collection was compiled by David Corona in February 2004. Further processing was completed by Kelly C. Barbour in April 2006.

Finding Aid Revision History: The box listing was updated by Mona E. Farrow in January 2016. Finding aid and box listing updated in March 2018 and June 2019, by Kathleen V. Smith.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series I: Norfolk, 1853-2011, undated],
[Series II: Greater Tidewater and Virginia, 1933-2007],
[Series III: Hampton Roads Planning Commission, 1995-2007, undated],
[Series IV: Oversize Newspapers, 1936-1986],
[Series V: Oversize Maps, 1963-1968, 1984],
[Series VI: Oversize Photos, 1960],

Series I: Norfolk, 1853-2011, undated
This series relates to the culture, community, and businesses of the City of Norfolk, and is broken into six sub-series: A: Businesses; B: Churches; C: Clubs and Organizations; D: Government; E: Personalities; F: Photos; G: City Statistics and Bibliography; H: Publications; and I: Miscellaneous.
Sub-Series A: Businesses, 1945-1960s, undated
This sub-series contains brochures and pamphlets for Norfolk businesses in the 1960s, as well an index of advertisers from 1945. Material is arranged alphabetically.
Box 1
Folder 1: City Pamphlets – Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company, circa 1960s
Folder 2: City Gas Company Brochure, undated
Folder 3: Index to Advertisers, 1945
Sub-Series B: Churches and Synagogues, 1934-2008
This sub-series contains information about several Norfolk churches and a synagogue. Included are programs, directories, newsletters, dedications, and other publications. Material is arranged alphabetically by the name of the church.
Box 1
Folder 4: Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church, 1991
Folder 5: Colonial Avenue Methodist Church Program "The Messiah", December 2, 1951
Folder 6: Epworth Methodist Church, 1959-1964
Folder 7: First Baptist, 1950, 1959, 1983, 1984 and 2008
Folder 8: First Methodist Church, 1964
Folder 9: Grace Protestant Episcopal, Golden Jubilee, 1934
Folder 10: The Jamestown Churchman: Official Organ of the Episcopal Diocese of Southern Virginia, 1957
Folder 11: Ohef Sholom Temple, 1994
Folder 12: Old St. Paul's Church, 1945
Folder 13: Port Norfolk Baptist Church Program, Charles E. Vogan Organist, October 25, 1955
Folder 14: Port Norfolk Baptist Church Directory, 1976
Folder 15: Royster Memorial Presbyterian Church, 1953-1964
Folder 16: Trinity Methodist Church, Charles E. Vogan Organist, 1960
Folder 17: Unitarian Universalist, Two Centuries of Unitarianism and Universalism in Norfolk and vicinity, 1982
Sub-Series C: Clubs and Organizations, 1969, 1973, 2005
This sub-series contains information on various organizations in Norfolk for the years 1969, 1973, and 2005. Material is arranged alphabetically.
Box 1
Folder 18: Norfolk Organizations, 1969
Folder 19: “Our Heritage-The Woman’s Club of Norfolk, Virginia”, September 24, 1973
Folder 20: “History-Rotary Club of Norfolk-In Celebration of the 90th Anniversary of its Charter as Club No. 114", 2005
Sub-Series D: Government, 1915-2008
This sub-series contains material related to the Norfolk City Government and its branches including the Chamber of Commerce, Convention Bureau, Department of Parks and Recreation, Police Department, museums, and the Norfolk Redevelopment and Housing Authority. Materials include pamphlets, plans, studies and reports, information packets, and other publications. Material is arranged chronologically.
Box 1
Folder 21: Norfolk Chamber of Commerce, "For a Better Form of Government", 1915
Folder 22: City of Norfolk "Your Government in Brief", 1941-1945
Folder 23: Norfolk Police Report, 1944
Folder 24: City of Norfolk: Recreation Survey and Long Range Plan, 1946
Folder 25: Norfolk Redevelopment and Housing Authority, "This is it", 1946
Folder 26: Norfolk Department of Parks and Recreation, Norfolk Botanical Garden: First Annual Report, 1959
Folder 27: Norfolk Museum Bulletin Annual Report, 1963
Folder 28: Norfolk Convention Bureau, "Norfolk: A Model Convention City", 1978
Folder 29: Norfolk Redevelopment and Housing Authority, Information Packet on Ghent Square and Freemason Harbor, 1978
Folder 30: Norfolk Services Directory, circa 1970s
Folder 31: Norfolk Convention Bureau: Norfolk by the Sea, 1990
Folder 32: Mary Pretlow Library & Ocean View Station Museum, 2008
Sub-Series E: Personalities, 1964-1978
This sub-series contains materials related to prominent and notable citizens of Norfolk. Included are materials on General Douglas MacArthur, Irene Leache, a 19th century teacher who opened a school for girls in Norfolk, Antonio Garcia Llamas who painted a portrait of General MacArthur, and Lauren Selden, an Old Dominion College history professor who became the first full-time executive director of the ACLU in Virginia in 1968. Material is arranged alphabetically by each individual's last name.
Box 1
Folder 33: Leache, Irene Memorial, 1974, 1978
Folder 34: Llamas, Antonio Garcia (painted portrait of  General Douglas MacArthur), 1967
Folder 35: MacArthur, General Douglas, "Last Journey for an Old Soldier", 1964
Folder 36: Selden, Lauren - Old Dominion College Professor and Executive Director of Virginia ACLU, 1968-1969
Sub-Series F: Photos, 1868-1981
This sub-series contains photos of Norfolk from the collection of photographer, Carroll Walker. Included are photos of Commercial Place and Granby Street from 1868 to 1910 and photos of downtown Norfolk in 1981. Material is arranged chronologically.
Box 2
Folder 1: Photos of Norfolk from the Collection of Carroll Walker, 1868-1910
Folder 2: Photos of Norfolk from the Collection of Carroll Walker, 1981
Sub-Series G: City Statistics and Bibliography, 1939-2003, undated
This sub-series contains statistical and bibliographical materials relating to the city of Norfolk. Material is arranged chronologically.
Box 2
Folder 3: Civic Affairs, City of Norfolk, Virginia, 1939
Folder 4: An Investment in Priorities, 2003
Folder 5: Norfolk History - Bibliography, undated
Sub-Series H: Publications, 1932-2003, undated
This sub-series contains publications related to Norfolk history. Included are magazines, map booklets, articles, and flyers. Material is arranged alphabetically.
Box 2
Folder 6: Chronology of Slum Clearance in Norfolk, 1935-1969
Folder 7: The Colley-Mattu-Johnson House Description, 1960
Folder 8: Five Points, July 2003
Folder 9: Know: the Navy and Norfolk, August 1944
Folder 10: Know: Norfolk's Postwar Plans, July 1945
Folder 11: Norfolk Harbor Tour, April 1954
Folder 12: Norfolk: An Historic City with a Destiny of Greatness, undated
Folder 13: Norfolk Map and Information, 1939
Folder 14: Norfolk Map and Information, 1942
Folder 15: Norfolk Maps, 1983
Folder 16: Norfolk's Progress and Norfolk's Problem, circa 1940s
Folder 17: The Norfolk Story in Painting: A Twenty Pictorial History as Painted by Kenneth Harris, circa 1960s
Folder 18: Norfolk, Virginia on Hampton Roads, circa 1944
Folder 19: Norfolk 2000-A Plan for Downtown, 1990
Folder 20: Preliminary Feasibility: Proposed Norfolk-Baltimore Steamship Service, 1963
Folder 21: The Seabag, May 20, 1950
Folder 22: Understanding Norfolk: Its History and the Evolution of Granby Street, December 1966
Folder 23: The Vigilant: Official Souvenir Norfolk's 250th Anniversary, August 16, 1932
Folder 24: “Welcome to Norfolk-Capital of the Navy”, undated
Folder 25: The Will-o-The Wisp Publication, undated
Sub-Series I: Miscellaneous, 1853-2011
This sub-series consists of sheet music from a piano forte at Norfolk Female Institute and materials relating to the Hampton Roads Transit Light Rail. Material is arranged chronologically.
Box 2
Folder 26: Sheet music: Norfolk Female Institute Schottische, Composed for the Piano Forte, dedicated to Miss Pattie A. Riddick, by P.H. Masi, 1853
Folder 27: HRT Tide Light Rail Materials, 2011

Browse by Series:

[Series I: Norfolk, 1853-2011, undated],
[Series II: Greater Tidewater and Virginia, 1933-2007],
[Series III: Hampton Roads Planning Commission, 1995-2007, undated],
[Series IV: Oversize Newspapers, 1936-1986],
[Series V: Oversize Maps, 1963-1968, 1984],
[Series VI: Oversize Photos, 1960],

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