Michael J. Stolee Papers, 1964-2009
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Brief Description:

The collection documents Stolee's work as a court and school system-appointed advisor in school desegregation cases in 68 school districts. The most extensively documented work is the protracted legal battle centering on Benton Harbor, Michigan, and efforts to integrate its school systems. The collection also includes biographical material on Stolee, historical material on school desegregation and material about the establishment and operation of the Florida Desegregation Center at the University of Miami.

Other professionals documented in this collection are Dr. Janice Sodos, a Milwaukee superintendent and consultant and Herbert Norder.

Dr. Stolee's papers range in date from 1964 to 2009, with the bulk being from the late 1970s to 1999. Materials in the collection include newspaper clippings, lecture transparencies, court orders and depositions, work schedules, school desegregation plans, Congressional records, term papers, notepads, maps, photographs, drawings, handwritten notes, brochures, computer disks, bound notebooks, speeches and a memoir.

Held at:
Special Collections and University Archives
Email: pbruce [at] odu.edu
Record Series Number: 00/MG 102
Created by: Stolee, Michael J. (1930-2007)
Volume: 9.9 Linear Feet
Acquired: 10/09/2008.
Arrangement:

Series I: Historical and Biographical information.  This series is broken into six sub-series.

Sub-series A: Dr. Michael J. Stolee Biographical Materials. This sub-series contains biographical information about Stolee’s career. Some of these materials were compiled for the purpose of writing his memoir describing his motivation for involvement in education, as well as reflections on his career. Included are personal recollections of his experiences with desegregation; correspondence; Dr. Stolee’s curriculum vita; case histories; awards; appointments and resignations; letters of appreciation and recommendation; Stolee’s memoir drafts; and a compilation of biographical materials put together by Dr. Stolee’s wife, Marilyn. Material is dates from 1968 to 2009 and is arranged alphabetically.

Sub-series B: Tennessee Attorney Biographical Materials. This sub-series contains biographical materials for attorney’s involved in the Tennessee case, specifically Richard H. Dinkins and Avon Nyanza Williams, Jr. Material is arranged alphabetically by attorney’s last name. All materials are from 2003.

Sub-series C: Historical Accounts. This sub-series contains Dr. Stolee’s historical accounts of desegregation cases in California, Michigan, and Virginia. Materials are arranged alphabetically. All materials in this sub-series were written by Dr. Stolee on September 5, 2005.

Sub-series D: Lectures. This sub-series contains lecture materials related to school desegregation. Materials are arranged alphabetically and date from 1967 to 1992.

Sub-series E: News Clippings. This sub-series contains news clippings on topics related to desegregation, busing, and magnet schools. Materials are arranged alphabetically and date from 1966 to 1999.

Sub-series F:  Other Published Materials. This sub-series contains abstracts, book reviews, and other published materials related to school desegregation and some of the cases Dr. Stolee worked on. Material is arranged alphabetically and dates from 1976 and 1992-1995.

Series II: Miami School Desegregation Center.This series documents the establishment of the University of Miami School of Education Florida School Desegregation Center. Included are correspondence, reports, budgets, proposals, newsletters, newspaper clippings, photos, and conference information. Material dates from 1964 to 1976 and is arranged chronologically.

Series III: School Desegregation Cases. This series includes court documents, correspondence, invoices, minutes, photographs, notes and newspaper clippings from school desegregation cases in twenty-five states. The largest bulk of material is related to the Michigan court case Barbara Jean Berry, et al., Plaintiffs vs. School District of the City of Benton Harbor, et al., Defendant. In this case, Stolee served as Special Master for nearly two decades beginning with his appointment to this position in 1981. This case centered on desegregation and busing efforts in the Benton Harbor, Coloma, and Eau Claire school districts.

This series is further broken into sub-series by state.

Sub-series A: Alabama. This sub-series includes Mobile from 1983-1990 and Tuscaloosa from 1993 to 1995.

Sub-series B: Arkansas. This sub-series includes Little Rock from 1987 to 1989.

Sub-series C: California. This sub-series includes Los Angeles from 1977 to 1982.

Sub-series D: Colorado. This sub-series includes Denver from 1973 to 1985.

Sub-series E: Florida. This sub-series includes Collier County from 1968-1971; Dade County from 1967-1975; Palm Beach County from 1988-89; Polk County from 1987 to 1993; St. Petersburg from 1992 and 1996; Tampa from 1995 to 1996; and Volusia County in 1970.

Sub-series F: Georgia. This sub-series includes Atlanta from 1972-1973; DeKalb County from 1983-1984; and Savannah from 1986 to 1999.

Sub-series G: Illinois. This sub-series includes Chicago from 1994-1995; Champaign from 1980-1981; Rockford from 1990-1996; and Springfield from 1976 and 1988.

Sub-series H: Indiana. This sub-series includes Indianapolis in 1981.

Sub-series I: Kansas. This sub-series includes Topeka in 1994.

Sub-series J: Kentucky. This sub-series includes Louisville from 1975; 1980; and 1998 to 1999.

Sub-series K: Maryland. This sub-series includes Prince George County from 1972; and 1984 to 1985.

Sub-series L: Massachusetts. This sub-series includes Boston from 1972; 1975; 1987; 1998 to 1999; and 2005.

Sub-series M: Michigan. This sub-series includes Benton Harbor, Eau Claire, Coloma, and Detroit from 1974 to 1999.

Sub-series N: Minnesota. This sub-series includes Minneapolis from 1972 and 1982.

Sub-series O: Mississippi. This sub-series includes Cleveland in 1989; Lawrence County from 1985 and 1987; and Natchez from 1988 to 1989.

Sub-series P: Missouri. This sub-series includes Kansas City from 1976 and 1996 to 1998; and St. Louis from 1977, 1982, and 1984.

Sub-series Q: North Carolina. This sub-series includes Charlotte from 1992-1999; Raleigh from 1976 to 1979; and Rocky Mount from 1990 to 1991.

Sub-series R: Ohio. This sub-series includes Columbus from 1977 to 1975.

Sub-series S: Pennsylvania. This sub-series includes Philadelphia from 1972 to 1975.

Sub-series T: South Carolina. This sub-series includes Florence for 1994.

Sub-series U: Tennessee. This sub-series includes Chattanooga for 1973; Jackson from 1988-1990 and 1998-2001; Knoxville from 1972 and 1991; and Nashville from 1996 to 1998.

Sub-series V: Texas. This sub-series includes Austin from 1989 to 1990; Beaumont for 1981; and Dallas from 1978 to 1981.

Sub-series W: Virginia. This sub-series includes Lynchburg for 1970; Newport News for 1994; Norfolk from 1969-1971; Richmond from 1970 to 1972; and Roanoke for 1970.

Sub-series X: Washington. This sub-series includes Seattle for 1979 and 1989.

Sub-series Y: Wisconsin. This sub-series includes Burlington for 1985; Florence from 1995-1996; Green Bay for 1994; and Milwaukee from 1975 to 1988 and 1996.

Series IV: Other Media. This series is broken into three sub-series.

Sub-series A: Floppy Disks. This series contains eight floppy discs related to cases that Dr. Stolee worked with. Materials are arranged alphabetically and are not dated.

Sub-series B: Court Sketches. This series contains three court artist sketches of Dr. Stolee testifying in an undisclosed court.

Sub-series C: Posters. This series contains a poster for the School Master’s Kiwanis Luncheon in Atlantic City, New Jersey from February 25, 1974.

Access Restrictions: Open to researchers without restrictions.
Subject Index
Busing for school integration--United States
Busing for school integration--Virginia--Norfolk
Norfolk School Board (Norfolk, Va.)
Public schools--Virginia--Norfolk
Race relations--History--20th century
School integration--Law and legislation--United States--Cases
School integration--United States
Segregation in education--Virginia--Norfolk
Stolee, Michael J., 1930-2007
University of Miami School of Education Florida School Desegregation Center
Languages of Materials
English [eng]
Rights/Use Restrictions: Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from Special Collections and University Archives, and the holder of the copyright, if not Old Dominion University Libraries.
Acquisition Notes: Marilyn Stolee  Gift. Accession #A2008-24
Related Materials:

Further Reference:

Seeds of Crisis Public Schooling in Milwaukee Since 1920, edited by John L. Rury (see Chapter 7, pages 229-268)

Dismantling Desegregation: The Quiet Reversal of Brown v Board of Education, by Gary Orfield and Susan Eaton (Chapter 7 covers the Charlotte, North Carolina case and mentions Dr. Stolee’s contribution as “principal architect of the new magnet plan” for Charlotte in 1992)

PreferredCitation: [Identification of item], Box [insert number], Folder [insert number and title], Michael J. Stolee Papers, Special Collections and University Archives, Patricia W. and J. Douglas Perry Library, Old Dominion University Libraries, Norfolk, VA 23529.